drawing (urban sketching)
Elvas, UNESCO World Heritage
weight or thickness: 300 gsm
texture: medium grain
size: A3 or A4(landscape)
print type: professional inkjet printing (high resolution)
See also the location of this Badajoz drawing at GeoDrawn.
Other Badajoz drawings (In other words, urban sketching georeferenced) HERE.
It is the main square of the oldest part of the city of Badajoz in Extremadura, Spain. Situated near the Alcazaba (Alcazar), the citadel built during Muslim rule, it was for centuries and possibly until the twentieth century, alongside “Plaza de España”, the city’s main square.
Until the 17th century, “Praza Alta” and neighboring “São José” Square were a unique space. Due to the proximity of the Alcazaba and the Capitel Gate, it is supposed that “socos” (markets) were performed there during the Middle Ages. In the fifteenth century most of the houses in the area were Jewish and Moorish converts who were gradually replaced by other Christian families. At the end of that century it was installed the headquarters of the municipality (Ayuntamiento), in the so-called “Casa del Peso del Colodrazgo”. The “Ayuntamiento” was moved in 1799 to its current location in “San Juan” Square. Other public institutions also functioned in the square, such as the “pósito” (a grain store whose main function was to provide low-priced grain loans to the poor).
In the eighteenth century there was an attempt to convert the old square into a closed “Plaza Mayor” of monumental style. With rounded “porticos”, similar to those found in several Spanish cities, but unique in Extremadura. The project, designed for the most part in 1699, probably by Francisco Revanales by order of Bishop Marin de Rodezno, denotes strong influences from Sebastiano Serlio’s theories (1475–1554). Between 1699 and 1703 one of the smaller sides and part of the two larger ones were built. Only about a third of the work was completed, which was incomplete even after part of one side was built at the end of the eighteenth century. The decoration, which simulates simple silvery, diamond-tipped pillows and truncated pyramids and other more complex geometric motifs, evidently based on Serlio, is unique in the world and is one of the few that can be conserved in Baroque Spain.